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Journal Article

Melting of Magnetization Plateaus for Kagome and Square-Kagome Lattice Antiferromagnets


Richter,  Johannes
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Max Planck Society;

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Schlueter, H., Richter, J., & Schnack, J. (2022). Melting of Magnetization Plateaus for Kagome and Square-Kagome Lattice Antiferromagnets. Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 91(9): 094711. doi:10.7566/JPSJ.91.094711.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000B-FFBC-3
Unconventional features of the magnetization curve at zero temperature such as plateaus or jumps are a hallmark of frustrated spin systems. Very little is known about their behavior at non-zero temperatures. Here we investigate the temperature dependence of the magnetization curve of the kagome lattice antiferromagnet in particular at 1/3 of the saturation magnetization for large lattice sizes of up to N = 48 spins. We discuss the phenomenon of asymmetric melting and trace it back to a combined effect of unbalanced magnetization steps on either side of the investigated plateau as well as on the behavior of the density of states across the plateau. We compare our findings to the square-kagome lattice that behaves similarly at low temperatures at zero field, but as we will demonstrate differently at 1/3 of the saturation magnetization. Both systems possess a flat one-magnon band and therefore share with the class of flat-band systems the general property that the plateau that precedes the jump to saturation melts asymmetrically but now with a minimal susceptibility that bends towards lower fields with increasing temperature.