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Journal Article

Rare-Earth Hydroxometalates Ba[RE(OH)5] with RE=Tb, Dy, Ho


Ruck,  Michael
Michael Ruck, Max Planck Fellow, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Li, Y., Albrecht, R., & Ruck, M. (2022). Rare-Earth Hydroxometalates Ba[RE(OH)5] with RE=Tb, Dy, Ho. Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie, 648: e202200314, pp. 1-6. doi:10.1002/zaac.202200314.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000C-377D-B
Colorless crystals of the new hydroxometalates Ba[RE(OH)(5)] with the rare-earth elements RE=Tb, Dy, Ho were synthesized under ultra-alkaline conditions in a KOH hydroflux at 200 degrees C. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction revealed that the three compounds crystallize isostructural in the monoclinic space group P2(1)/n (no. 14). In the crystal structure, the rare-earth cations are coordinated by the oxygen atoms of seven hydroxide anions, which define a distorted pentagonal bipyramid. These polyhedra share edges of their basal ring forming infinite chains that run parallel to the [010] direction. Hydrogen bonds connect the chains into layers parallel to the (101) plane. The Ba2+ cations are located between these layers and surrounded by nine oxygen atoms. Ba[Dy(OH)(5)] is paramagnetic and shows no luminescence under UV light. When heated in synthetic air or argon, water is released in well-defined steps. Ba[Dy(OH)(5)] decomposes via DyOOH to Dy2O3, which then reacts with the remaining Ba(OH)(2) to form BaDy2O4. Thus, the hydroxometalates can be used as carbon-free precursors for oxides.