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Journal Article

Classical ground states of spin lattices


Richter,  Johannes
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Max Planck Society;

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Schmidt, H.-J., & Richter, J. (2022). Classical ground states of spin lattices. Journal of Physics A, 55(46): 465005. doi:10.1088/1751-8121/aca36d.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000C-71BF-E
We present a generalization of the Luttinger-Tisza-Lyons-Kaplan theory of classical ground states of Bravais lattices with Heisenberg coupling to non-Bravais lattices. It consists of adding certain Lagrange parameters to the diagonal of the Fourier transformed coupling matrix analogous to the theory of the general ground state problem already published. This approach is illustrated by an application to a modified honeycomb lattice, which has exclusive three-dimensional ground states as well as a classical spin-liquid ground state for different values of the two coupling constants. Another example, the modified square lattice, shows that we can also obtain so-called incommensurable ground states by our method.