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Journal Article

Squeezed comb states


Shukla,  Namrata
Marquardt Division, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;
Institute for Quantum Science and Technology, University of Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4, Canada;

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Shukla, N., Nimmrichter, S., & Sanders, B. C. (2021). Squeezed comb states. Physical Review A, 103: 012408. doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.103.012408.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000C-8232-8
Continuous-variable codes are an expedient solution for quantum information processing and quantum communication involving optical networks. Here we characterize the squeezed comb, a finite superposition of equidistant squeezed coherent states on a line, and its properties as a continuous-variable encoding choice for a logical qubit. The squeezed comb is a realistic approximation to the ideal code proposed by Gottesman et al. [D. Gottesman, A. Kitaev, and J. Preskill, Phys. Rev. A 64, 012310 (2001)], which is fully protected against errors caused by the paradigmatic types of quantum noise in continuous-variable systems: damping and diffusion. This is no longer the case for the code space of finite squeezed combs, and noise robustness depends crucially on the encoding parameters. We analyze finite squeezed comb states in phase space, highlighting their complicated interference features and characterizing their dynamics when exposed to amplitude damping and Gaussian diffusion noise processes. We find that squeezed comb states are more suitable and less error prone when exposed to damping, which speaks against standard error-correction strategies that employ linear amplification to convert damping into easier-to-describe isotropic diffusion noise.