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Journal Article

[4Fe–4S]-Mediated Proton-Coupled Electron Transfer Enables the Efficient Degradation of Chloroalkenes by Reductive Dehalogenases


Wang,  Zikuan
Research Group Manganas, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society;

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Zhang, X., Wang, Z., Li, Z., Shaik, S., & Wang, B. (2023). [4Fe–4S]-Mediated Proton-Coupled Electron Transfer Enables the Efficient Degradation of Chloroalkenes by Reductive Dehalogenases. ACS Catalysis, 13(2), 1173-1185. doi:10.1021/acscatal.2c06306.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000C-825F-7
Reductive dehalogenases (RDases) are key enzymes involved in the degradation of organohalide compounds. Despite extensive experimental and computational studies, the catalytic mechanism of RDases remains unclear. We show here that the proximal [4Fe–4S]1+ cluster of the reductive dehalogenase PceA can mediate a proton-coupled electron transfer (PCET) process to quench the substrate radical. Such a [4Fe–4S]1+-mediated PCET process is enhanced by both exchange and super-exchange interactions. The participation of [4Fe–4S]1+ in mediating a PCET process in RDases is unexpected, although well known in reducing Co(II). In addition, in RDases, the Arg305 residue acts as an efficient proton donor for the PCET reactions. The deprotonated Tyr246 serves to maintain the favorable conformation of Arg305 during catalysis and sustains its proton donation ability, which is requested during the PCET reaction. Such a novel mechanism enables the efficient detoxification of chloroalkene pollutants by the reductive dehalogenase PceA, which also rationalizes the selective dechlorination of trichloroethene to form cis-1,2-dichloroethylene. These results highlight the critical role of the proximal [4Fe–4S].