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Journal Article

Failed Solar Eruption of a Multithermal Flux Rope


Peter,  Hardi
Department Sun and Heliosphere, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Max Planck Society;


Chitta,  L. P.
Department Sun and Heliosphere, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Max Planck Society;

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Li, L., Song, H., Peter, H., & Chitta, L. P. (2022). Failed Solar Eruption of a Multithermal Flux Rope. The Astrophysical Journal, 941, L1. doi:10.3847/2041-8213/aca47b.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000C-97F8-2
A magnetic flux rope (FR), hosting hot plasma, is thought to be central to the physics of coronal mass ejections. Such FRs are widely observed with passbands of the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory that are sensitive to emission from the hot plasma around 10 MK. In contrast, observations of warmer (around 1 MK) counterparts of FRs are sparse. In this study, we report the failed eruption of a multithermal FR, hosting both hot and warm plasma. On 2015 May 1, a hot channel appeared in the AIA high-temperature passbands out of the southeastern solar limb to the south of a nearby flare, and then erupted outward. During the eruption, it rotated perpendicular to the erupting direction. The hot channel stopped erupting, and disappeared gradually, showing a failed eruption. During the hot channel eruption, a warm channel appeared sequentially in the AIA low-temperature passbands. It underwent a similar evolution, including the failed eruption, rotation, and disappearance, to the hot channel. A bright compression front is formed in front of the warm channel eruption in AIA low-temperature images. Under the hot and warm channel eruptions, a small flare occurred, upon which several current sheets, connecting the erupting channels and the underneath flare, formed in the AIA high-temperature passbands. Investigating the spatial and temporal relation between the hot and warm channels, we suggest that both channels twist together, constituting the same multithermal FR that has plasma with the high and low temperatures.