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Journal Article

Heterogeneity-induced synchronization in delay-coupled electronic oscillators


Punetha,  Nirmal
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Max Planck Society;


Wetzel,  Lucas
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Max Planck Society;

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Punetha, N., & Wetzel, L. (2022). Heterogeneity-induced synchronization in delay-coupled electronic oscillators. Physical Review E, 106(5): L052201. doi:10.1103/PhysRevE.106.L052201.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000C-B7DB-F
We study synchronization in networks of delay-coupled electronic oscillators, so-called phase-locked loops (PLLs). Using a phase-model description, we study the collective dynamics of mutually coupled PLLs and report the phenomenon of heterogeneity-induced synchronization. This phenomenon refers to the observation that heterogeneity in the system's parameters can induce synchronization by stabilizing the states which are unstable without such heterogeneity. In systems where component heterogeneity can be tuned and controlled, we show how the complex collective self-organized dynamics can be guided towards synchronized states with specific operational frequencies and phase relations. This is of importance for the technical applicability of self -organized dynamics. In electrical engineering, for example, where components can be strongly heterogeneous, our theoretical framework can inform the design process for networks of spatially distributed PLLs. The results presented here are also useful in understanding the collective dynamics in ensembles of phase oscillators with time-delayed interactions, inertia, and heterogeneity.