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Journal Article

Orbit-superposition dynamical modeling of barred galaxies


Gerhard,  Ortwin
Optical and Interpretative Astronomy, MPI for Extraterrestrial Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Tahmasebzadeh, B., Zhu, L., Shen, J., Gerhard, O., & van de Ven, G. (2022). Orbit-superposition dynamical modeling of barred galaxies. The Astrophysical Journal, 941(2): 109. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ac9df6.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000C-CDB0-6
Barred structures are important in understanding galaxy evolution, but they were not included explicitly in most dynamical models for nearby galaxies due to their complicated morphological and kinematic properties. We modify the triaxial orbit-superposition Schwarzschild implementation by van den Bosch et al. to include barred structures explicitly. The gravitational potential is a combination of a spherical dark matter halo and stellar mass; with the 3D stellar density distribution deprojected from the observed 2D image using a two-component deprojection method, including an axisymmetric disk and a triaxial barred bulge. We consider figure rotation of the galaxy with the bar pattern speed as a free parameter. We validate the method by applying it to a mock galaxy with integral field unit (IFU) data created from an N-body simulation with a boxy/peanut or X-shaped bar. Our model fits the observed 2D surface density and all kinematic features well. The bar pattern speed is recovered well with a relative uncertainty smaller than 10%. Based on the internal stellar orbit distribution of the model, we decompose the galaxy into an X-shaped bar, a boxy bulge, a vertically extended structure and a disk, and demonstrate that our model recovers these structures generally well, similar to the true structures in the N-body simulation. Our method provides a realistic way of modeling the bar structure explicitly for nearby barred galaxies with IFU observations.