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Elusimicrobia

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Brune,  Andreas
Department-Independent Research Group Insect Gut Microbiology and Symbiosis, Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Brune, A. (2018). Elusimicrobia. In M. E. Trujillo, S. Dedysh, P. DeVos, B. Hedlund, P. Kämpfer, F. A. Rainey, et al. (Eds.), Bergey's Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria.


Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000C-F3BE-C
Abstract
E.lu.si.mi.cro'bi.a. N.L. fem. pl. n. Elusimicrobiales type order of the phylum; dropping ending -ales and inserting -a to denote a phylum; N.L. fem. pl. n. Elusimicrobia the phylum of Elusimicrobiales. Elusimicrobia The phylum Elusimicrobia contains two classes, Elusimicrobia and Endomicrobia, each of which contains only a single cultured representative. Elusimicrobium minutum and Endomicrobium proavitum are obligate anaerobes with a purely fermentative metabolism and have relatively small genomes. Both are pleomorphic ultramicrobacteria that substantially differ in cell size between the growth phase and the stationary phase. A considerable amount of information is available also on uncultured members of the genus Endomicrobium (Candidatus Endomicrobium). While the members of these genera occur exclusively in the intestinal tracts of insects, the phylum Elusimicrobia also comprises numerous lineages of uncultured bacteria that have been detected in 16S rRNA-based surveys of other, mostly anoxic habitats. DNA G + C content (mol%): 35.2?39.9 (genome sequence). Type order: Elusimicrobiales Geissinger, Herlemann, Mörschel, Maier and Brune 2010, 469VP (Effective publication: Geissinger, Herlemann, Mörschel, Maier and Brune 2009, 2839).