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Meeting Abstract

Calcium isotope investigation of silicate stardust


Leitner,  Jan
Particle Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;


Hoppe,  Peter
Particle Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Leitner, J., Hoppe, P., & Trieloff, M. (2023). Calcium isotope investigation of silicate stardust. In Goldschmidt Lyon 2023.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000D-4182-6
Isotopically anomalous dust grains that formed in the outflows of evolved stars and in the ejecta of stellar explosions are a minor, but important component of the primordial building blocks from which our Solar System formed [1]. Silicates are the most abundant type of “presolar” dust available for single grain analyses [2]. Based on their O-isotopic compositions, most (>99%) presolar silicates and oxides are divided into four distinct groups [3,4]. Low-mass asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars were identified as main stellar sources, followed by core-collapse supernovae (CCSNe). Additional contributions are evident for intermediate-mass (4–8 Msun) AGB stars undergoing hot bottom burning (HBB) and novae [e.g., 1]. Recent Mg isotope studies of presolar silicates showed that a significant fraction (~25 %) of the Group 1 and 2 grains display large 25Mg-excesses, as well as significant 25Mg-depletions, and/or 26Mg-excesses, indicating CCSNe and, in some cases, intermediate-mass AGB stars or Super-AGB-stars as stellar sources [e.g., 5]. The Mg isotopes of grains from low-mass AGB stars show a trend reflecting Galactic Chemical Evolution (GCE), similar to Si [5].

Here, we report on an ongoing NanoSIMS high-spatial resolution (<100 nm) isotope study of the rock-forming element calcium in presolar silicates, to investigate the stellar origins of Ca and potential GCE trends, as well as the timing and astrophysical settings of grain formation in stellar environments. Two AGB silicates show deviation from the previously predicted GCE trend [4], while two out of five 25Mg-rich CCSN grains have significant 44Ca-enrichments, indicative of in situ 44Ti-decay, which is exclusively produced in SNe. Inferred 44Ti/48Ti ratios agree well with model predictions for a CCSN with H-ingestion [6].

References : [1] Zinner E. (2014) In Meteorites and Cosmochemical Processes (ed. Davis A. M.). Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 181–213. [2] Floss C. & Haenecour P. (2016) Geochemical Journal 50, 3–25. [3] Nittler L. R. et al. (1997) The Astrophysical Journal 483, 475–495. [4] Nittler L. R. et al. (2008) The Astrophysical Journal 682, 1450–1478. [5] Hoppe P. et al. (2021) The Astrophysical Journal 913, 10–26. [6] Pignatari M. et al. (2015) The Astrophysical Journal Letters 808, L43–L48.