Help Privacy Policy Disclaimer
  Advanced SearchBrowse




Journal Article

The genomic diversity of Taiwanese Austronesian groups: Implications for the “Into- and Out-of-Taiwan” models


Liu,  Dang       
Department of Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society;

External Resource
No external resources are shared
Fulltext (restricted access)
There are currently no full texts shared for your IP range.
Fulltext (public)

(Publisher version), 4MB

Supplementary Material (public)
There is no public supplementary material available

Liu, D., Min-Shan Ko, A., & Stoneking, M. (2023). The genomic diversity of Taiwanese Austronesian groups: Implications for the “Into- and Out-of-Taiwan” models. PNAS Nexus, 2(5): pgad122. doi:10.1093/pnasnexus/pgad122.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000D-436C-F
The origin and dispersal of the Austronesian language family, one of the largest and most widespread in the world, have long attracted the attention of linguists, archaeologists, and geneticists. Even though there is a growing consensus that Taiwan is the source of the spread of Austronesian languages, little is known about the migration patterns of the early Austronesians who settled in and left Taiwan, i.e. the “Into-Taiwan” and “out-of-Taiwan” events. In particular, the genetic diversity and structure within Taiwan and how this relates to the into-/out-of-Taiwan events are largely unexplored, primarily because most genomic studies have largely utilized data from just two of the 16 recognized Highland Austronesian groups in Taiwan. In this study, we generated the largest genome-wide data set of Taiwanese Austronesians to date, including six Highland groups and one Lowland group from across the island and two Taiwanese Han groups. We identified fine-scale genomic structure in Taiwan, inferred the ancestry profile of the ancestors of Austronesians, and found that the southern Taiwanese Austronesians show excess genetic affinities with the Austronesians outside of Taiwan. Our findings thus shed new light on the Into- and Out-of-Taiwan dispersals