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Elusimicrobiota

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Brune,  Andreas       
Department-Independent Research Group Insect Gut Microbiology and Symbiosis, Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, Max Planck Society;

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Mies,  Undine S.
Department-Independent Research Group Insect Gut Microbiology and Symbiosis, Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Brune, A., & Mies, U. S. (2023). Elusimicrobiota. In M. E. Trujillo, S. Dedysh, P. DeVos, B. Hedlund, P. Kämpfer, F. A. Rainey, et al. (Eds.), Bergey's Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria.


Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000D-5B51-2
Abstract
Abstract E.lu.si.mi.cro.bi.o'ta. N.L. neut. n. Elusimicrobium, type genus of the phylum; N.L. neut. pl. n. suff. -ota, ending to denote a phylum; N.L. neut. pl. n. Elusimicrobiota, the Elusimicrobium phylum. Elusimicrobiota belongs to the PVC superphylum and comprises at least four class-level lineages of mostly uncultured bacteria. Only the classes Elusimicrobia and Endomicrobia each have a single cultured representative. Both isolates are strictly anaerobic ultramicrobacteria with a fermentative metabolism and an unusual cell cycle. Like their uncultured relatives in the families Elusimicrobiaceae and Endomicrobiaceae, they colonize the intestinal tracts of invertebrate and vertebrate hosts and show considerable genome reduction. All other lineages seem to consist of free-living, strictly anaerobic bacteria that occur in a wide range of aquatic and terrestrial habitats. Members of several apical lineages possess the capacity for aerobic respiration. Type genus: Elusimicrobium Geissinger et al. 2009, VL132. The phylum Elusimicrobiota contains the classes Elusimicrobia Geissinger et al. 2009, VL132 and Endomicrobia Zheng et al. 2016, VL180.