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ANAEROBIC DEGRADATION OF 3-HYDROXYBENZOATE BY A NEWLY ISOLATED NITRATE-REDUCING BACTERIUM

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Citation

HEISING, S., Brune, A., & SCHINK, B. (1991). ANAEROBIC DEGRADATION OF 3-HYDROXYBENZOATE BY A NEWLY ISOLATED NITRATE-REDUCING BACTERIUM. FEMS MICROBIOLOGY LETTERS, 84(3), 267-272. doi:10.1016/0378-1097(91)90367-j.


Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000D-5C47-D
Abstract
A Gram-negative nitrate-reducing bacterium, strain Asl-3, was isolated from activated sludge with nitrate and 3-hydroxybenzoate as sole source of carbon and energy. The new isolate was facultatively anaerobic, catalase- and oxidase-positive and polarly monotrichously flagellated. In addition to nitrate, nitrite, N2O, and O2 served as electron acceptors. Growth with 3-hydroxybenzoate and nitrate was biphasic: nitrate was completely reduced to nitrite before nitrite reduction to N2 started. Benzoate, 3-hydroxybenzoate, 4-hydroxybenzoate, protocatechuate or phenyl-acetate served as electron and carbon source under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. During growth with excess carbon source, poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate was formed. These characteristics allow the affiliation of strain Asl-3 with the family Pseudomonadaceae. Analogous to the pathway of 4-hydroxybenzoate degradation in other bacteria, the initial step in anaerobic 3-hydroxybenzoate degradation by this organism was activation to 3-hydroxy-benzoyl-CoA in an ATP-consuming reaction. Cell extracts of 3-hydroxybenzoate-grown cells exhibited 3-hydroxybenzoyl-CoA synthetase activity of 190 nmol min-1 mg protein-1 as well as benzoyl-CoA synthetase activity of 86 nmol min-1 mg protein-1. A reductive dehydroxylation of 3-hydroxybenzoyl-CoA could not be demonstrated due to rapid hydrolysis of chemically synthesized 3-hydroxybenzoyl-CoA by cell extracts.