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Journal Article

Dipolarization Fronts in the Jovian Magnetotail: Statistical Survey of Ion Intensity Variations Using Juno Observations

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Kronberg,  E. A.
Planetary Science Department, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Max Planck Society;

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Roussos,  E.
Planetary Science Department, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Blöcker, A., Kronberg, E. A., Grigorenko, E. E., Roussos, E., & Clark, G. (2023). Dipolarization Fronts in the Jovian Magnetotail: Statistical Survey of Ion Intensity Variations Using Juno Observations. Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics), 128, e2023JA031312. doi:10.1029/2023JA031312.


Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000D-AF2F-B
Abstract
Energetic particle acceleration and energization in planetary magnetotails are often associated with dipolarization fronts characterized by a rapid increase of the meridional component of the magnetic field. Despite many studies of dipolarization events in Earth's magnetotail, Jupiter's magnetotail provides an almost ideal environment to study high-energetic ion acceleration by dipolarization fronts because of its large spatial scales and plasma composition of heavy and light ions. In this study, we focus on the response of different high-energetic ion intensities (H, He, S, and O) to prominent magnetic dipolarization fronts inside the Jovian magnetotail. We investigate if ion energization and acceleration are present in the observations around the identified dipolarization fronts. Therefore, we present a statistical study of 87 dipolarization front signatures, which are identified in the magnetometer data of the Juno spacecraft from July 2016 to July 2021. For the ion intensity analysis, we use the energetic particle observations from the Jupiter Energetic Particle Detector Instrument. Our statistical study reveals that less than half of the identified events are accompanied by an increase of the ion intensities, while most of the other events show no significant change in the ion intensity dynamics. In about 40% of the events located in the dawn sector a significant decrease of the energy spectral index is detected indicating ion acceleration by the dipolarization fronts.