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Journal Article

Magnetic fragmentation and fractionalized Goldstone modes in a bilayer quantum spin liquid


Moessner,  Roderich
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Max Planck Society;

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Vijayvargia, A., Nica, E. M., Moessner, R., Lu, Y.-M., & Erten, O. (2023). Magnetic fragmentation and fractionalized Goldstone modes in a bilayer quantum spin liquid. Physical Review Research, 5(2): L022062. doi:10.1103/PhysRevResearch.5.L022062.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000D-C138-A
We study the phase diagram of a bilayer quantum spin liquid model with Kitaev-type interactions on a square lattice. We show that the low energy limit is described by a & pi;-flux Hubbard model with an enhanced SO(4) symmetry. The antiferromagnetic Mott transition of the Hubbard model signals a magnetic fragmentation transition for the spin and orbital degrees of freedom of the bilayer. The fragmented "Neel order" features a nonlocal string order parameter for an in-plane Neel component, in addition to an anisotropic local order parameter. The associated quantum order is characterized by an emergent Z2 X Z2 gauge field when the Neel vector is along the z<SIC> direction, and a Z2 gauge field otherwise. We underpin these results with a perturbative calculation, which is consistent with the field theory analysis. We conclude with a discussion on the low energy collective excitations of these phases and show that the Goldstone boson of the Z2 X Z2 phase is fractionalized and nonlocal.