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Journal Article

Samples returned from the asteroid Ryugu are similar to Ivuna-type carbonaceous meteorites


Kleine,  T.
Planetary Science Department, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Max Planck Society;

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Yokoyama, T., Nagashima, K., Nakai, I., Young, E. D., Abe, Y., Aléon, J., et al. (2023). Samples returned from the asteroid Ryugu are similar to Ivuna-type carbonaceous meteorites. Science, 379, abn7850. doi:10.1126/science.abn7850.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000D-C206-1
Carbonaceous meteorites are thought to be fragments of C-type (carbonaceous) asteroids. Samples of the C-type asteroid (162173) Ryugu were retrieved by the Hayabusa2 spacecraft. We measured the mineralogy and bulk chemical and isotopic compositions of Ryugu samples. The samples are mainly composed of materials similar to those of carbonaceous chondrite meteorites, particularly the CI (Ivuna-type) group. The samples consist predominantly of minerals formed in aqueous fluid on a parent planetesimal. The primary minerals were altered by fluids at a temperature of 37° ± 10°C, about 5.2−0.7+0.8 million (statistical) or 5.2−2.1+1.6 million (systematic) years after the formation of the first solids in the Solar System. After aqueous alteration, the Ryugu samples were likely never heated above ~100°C. The samples have a chemical composition that more closely resembles that of the Sun’s photosphere than other natural samples do.