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Journal Article

Synthesis of Triazine-Based Materials by Functionalization with Alkynes


Lotsch,  B. V.
Department Nanochemistry (Bettina V. Lotsch), Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, Max Planck Society;

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Braml, N. E., Stegbauer, L., Lotsch, B. V., & Schnick, W. (2015). Synthesis of Triazine-Based Materials by Functionalization with Alkynes. Chemistry - A European Journal, 21(21), 7866-7873.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000E-CB0C-1
In this contribution, we report on novel functionalized triazines, which represent new precursors for C/N/(H) compounds or suitable building blocks for carbon-based functional networks. Our results provide insights into the structural properties of molecular carbon nitride materials and their design principles. Tris(1-propynyl)-1,3,5-triazine (C3N3(C3H3)(3)) and tris(1-butynyl)-1,3,5-triazine (C3N3(C4H5)(3)) were prepared by substitution reactions of cyanuric chloride (C3N3Cl3) with prop-1-yne and but-1-yne. The crystal structure of tris(1-propynyl)-1,3,5-triazine was solved in the orthorhombic space group Pbcn (Z=4, a=1500.06 (14), b=991.48(10), c=754.42(6)pm, V=1122.03(18)x10(6)pm(3)), whereas tris(1-butynyl)-1,3,5-triazine crystallized in the triclinic space group P-1 (Z=6, a=1068.36(12), b=1208.68(12), c=1599.38(16)pm, =86.67(3), =86.890(4), =86.890(4)degrees, V=1997.7(4)x10(6)pm(3)). For both structures, planar triazine units and layerlike packing of the molecules were observed. Tris(1-propynyl)-1,3,5-triazine is built up from hydrogen-bonded zig-zag strands, whereas tris(1-butynyl)-1,3,5-triazine shows parallel layered arrangements. Both compounds were investigated by NMR spectroscopy, IR spectroscopy, and differential thermal analysis/thermogravimetric analysis, which provided insights into their structural, chemical, and thermal properties. In addition, tris(1-propynyl)-1,3,5-triazine was pyrolyzed and a new polymeric triazine-based compound containing mesitylene units was obtained. Its structural features and properties are discussed in detail.