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#### A frequency-domain perspective on GW150914 ringdown overtone

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2310.19645.pdf

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##### Citation

Wang, Y.-F., Capano, C., Abedi, J., Kastha, S., Krishnan, B., Nielsen, A. B., et al. (in preparation). A frequency-domain perspective on GW150914 ringdown overtone.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000D-E1C3-8

##### Abstract

We revisit the recent debate on the evidence for an overtone in the black

hole ringdown of GW150914. By gating and inpainting the data, we discard the

contamination from earlier parts of the gravitational wave signal before

ringdown. This enables the parameter estimation to be conducted in the

frequency domain, which is mathematically equivalent to the time domain method.

We keep the settings as similar as possible to the previous studies by

\textcite{Cotesta:2022pci} and Isi \textit{et

al.}\cite{Isi:2019aib,Isi:2022mhy} which yielded conflicting results on the

Bayes factor of the overtone. We examine the spectral contents of the

matched-filtering in the frequency domain, and propose a convergence test to

assess the validity of an overtone model. Our results find the Bayes factors

for the overtone fall within $10$ and $26$ around a range of times centered at

the best-fit merger time of GW150914, which supports the existence of an

overtone in agreement with the conclusions of Isi \textit{et

al.}\cite{Isi:2019aib,Isi:2022mhy}. Our work contributes to the understanding

of how various methods affect the statistical significance of overtones.

hole ringdown of GW150914. By gating and inpainting the data, we discard the

contamination from earlier parts of the gravitational wave signal before

ringdown. This enables the parameter estimation to be conducted in the

frequency domain, which is mathematically equivalent to the time domain method.

We keep the settings as similar as possible to the previous studies by

\textcite{Cotesta:2022pci} and Isi \textit{et

al.}\cite{Isi:2019aib,Isi:2022mhy} which yielded conflicting results on the

Bayes factor of the overtone. We examine the spectral contents of the

matched-filtering in the frequency domain, and propose a convergence test to

assess the validity of an overtone model. Our results find the Bayes factors

for the overtone fall within $10$ and $26$ around a range of times centered at

the best-fit merger time of GW150914, which supports the existence of an

overtone in agreement with the conclusions of Isi \textit{et

al.}\cite{Isi:2019aib,Isi:2022mhy}. Our work contributes to the understanding

of how various methods affect the statistical significance of overtones.