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Adult rat retinal glia in vitro: effects of in vivo crush-activation on glia proliferation and permissiveness for regenerating retinal ganglion cell axons

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Bähr,  M
Department Physical Biology, Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Bähr, M. (1991). Adult rat retinal glia in vitro: effects of in vivo crush-activation on glia proliferation and permissiveness for regenerating retinal ganglion cell axons. Experimental Neurology, 111(1), 65-73. doi:10.1016/0014-4886(91)90051-d.


Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000D-F47F-2
Abstract
The effects of optic nerve crush on adult rat retinal glia activation were studied in vitro. In adult rats the optic nerves were crushed and the corresponding retinae were explained 5 to 7 days later and cultured in vitro. The glial response of retinae with precrushed optic nerves was compared to the glial response of retinae without prior optic nerve crush. As a consequence of crush-axotomy more glial cells migrated out from retinal explants and covered significantly larger areas of the substratum than glia from noncrushed retinae. Migration of immunohistochemically distinguishable Vimentin-positive Müller cells and glial fibrillary acidic protein-positive astrocytes could be observed in both types of cultures. Astrocytes as well as Müller cells incorporated bromodeoxyuridine after explantation. In noncrushed retinal explants Thy 1.1-immunopositive flat cells were much more frequent and the relative proportion of glial cells was much lower than in crush-activated cultures. In a second set of experiments the ability of adult rat retinal glia to support retinal ganglion cell regeneration was examined. Normal retinal explants (without optic nerve crush) which usually do not substantially regenerate axons were cultured on retinal glia from normal and crush-activated explants. Both glia preparations supported axon growth from retinal explants after 3 days in vitro. Neuritic growth was significantly better when retinal explants from normal adult rats were cultured on crush-activated retinal glia as compared to glia derived from noncrushed retinae. It is concluded that activated adult rat retinal glia, unlike adult glia found in other brain regions, support adult rat retinal ganglion cell regeneration in vitro.