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Journal Article

Spectroscopic constants from atomic properties: a machine learning approach


Liu,  Xiangyue       
Molecular Physics, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Ibrahim, M. A. E., Liu, X., & Pérez-Ríos, J. (2024). Spectroscopic constants from atomic properties: a machine learning approach. Digital Discovery, 3(1), 34-50. doi:10.1039/d3dd00152k.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000D-FDA3-E

We present a machine-learning approach toward predicting spectroscopic constants based on atomic properties. After collecting spectroscopic information on diatomics and generating an extensive database, we employ Gaussian process regression to identify the most efficient characterization of molecules to predict the equilibrium distance, vibrational harmonic frequency, and dissociation energy. As a result, we show that it is possible to predict the equilibrium distance with an absolute error of 0.04 Å and vibrational harmonic frequency with an absolute error of 36 cm-1, including only atomic properties. These results can be improved by including prior information on molecular properties leading to an absolute error of 0.02 Å and 28 cm-1 for the equilibrium distance and vibrational harmonic frequency, respectively. In contrast, the dissociation energy is predicted with an absolute error ≲0.4 eV. Alongside these results, we prove that it is possible to predict spectroscopic constants of homonuclear molecules from the atomic and molecular properties of heteronuclears. Finally, based on our results, we present a new way to classify diatomic molecules beyond chemical bond properties.