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Journal Article

Adolescent Stressful Life Events Predict Future Self- Connectedness in Adulthood


Van Gelder,  Jean-Louis
Criminology, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Crime, Security and Law, Max Planck Society;

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Ganschow, B., Zebel, S., Van der Schalk, J., Hershfield, H. E., & Van Gelder, J.-L. (2023). Adolescent Stressful Life Events Predict Future Self- Connectedness in Adulthood. The Journal of Early Adolescence. doi:10.1177/02724316231216380.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000E-022B-0
In this study, we investigate how the accumulation of stressful life events and chronic stressors experienced in adolescence predict young adults’ future self-identification (i.e., connectedness, vividness, and valence of the future self) in a sample of 1482 Swiss youth. Furthermore, we investigate future self-identification as a source of resilience mediating the association between accumulated stressful life events on the one hand, and increased delinquency and less educational attainment on the other. In line with our hypothesis, we found that experiencing more stressful life events predicted reduced future self-connectedness. This was not the case for vividness and valence of the future self. Furthermore, we found that future self-connectedness partially mediated the association between stressful life events and low educational attainment. Lastly, latent class trajectories revealed that there was no association between the timing of stressful life events – whether in early or late adolescence – and future self-identification.