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Journal Article

Skyrmion motion in magnetic anisotropy gradients: Acceleration caused by deformation


de Assis,  Ismael Ribeiro
External Organizations;
International Max Planck Research School for Science and Technology of Nano-Systems, Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics, Max Planck Society;

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de Assis, I. R., Mertig, I., & Göbel, B. (2023). Skyrmion motion in magnetic anisotropy gradients: Acceleration caused by deformation. Physical Review B, 108(14): 144438. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.108.144438.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000E-3A48-1
Magnetic skyrmions are nano-sized topologically nontrivial spin textures that can be moved by external stimuli such as spin currents and internal stimuli such as spatial gradients of a material parameter. Since the total energy of a skyrmion depends linearly on most of these parameters, like the perpendicular magnetic anisotropy, the exchange constant, or the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction strength, a skyrmion will move uniformly in a weak parameter gradient. In this paper, we show that the linear behavior changes once the gradients are strong enough so that the magnetic profile of a skyrmion is significantly altered throughout the propagation. In that case, the skyrmion experiences acceleration and moves along a curved trajectory. Furthermore, we show that when spin-orbit torques and material parameter gradients trigger a skyrmion motion, it can move on a straight path along the current or gradient direction. We discuss the significance of suppressing the skyrmion Hall effect for spintronic and neuromorphic applications of skyrmions. Lastly, we extend our discussion and compare it to a gradient generated by the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction.