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Journal Article

Amorphization Activated Multimetallic Pd Alloys for Boosting Oxygen Reduction Catalysis


Hu,  Zhiwei
Zhiwei Hu, Physics of Correlated Matter, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Yu, Z., Chen, Y., Xia, J., Yao, Q., Hu, Z., Huang, W.-H., et al. (2024). Amorphization Activated Multimetallic Pd Alloys for Boosting Oxygen Reduction Catalysis. Nano Letters, 24(4), 1205-1213. doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.3c04045.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000E-A4A3-0
Amorphous nanomaterials have drawn extensive attention owing to their unique features, while amorphization on noble metal nanomaterials still remains formidably challenging. Herein, we demonstrate a universal strategy to synthesize amorphous Pd-based nanomaterials from unary to quinary metals through the introduction of phosphorus (P). The amorphous Pd-based nanoparticles (NPs) exhibit generally promoted oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity and durability compared with their crystalline counterparts. Significantly, the quinary P-PdCuNiInSn NPs, benefiting from the amorphous structure and multimetallic component effect, exhibit mass activities as high as 1.04 A mgPd-1 and negligible activity decays of 1.8% among the stability tests, which are much better than values for original Pd NPs (0.134 A mgPd-1 and 28.4%). Experimental and theoretical analyses collectively reveal that the synergy of P-induced amorphization and the expansion of metallic components can considerably lower the free energy changes in the rate-determined step, thereby explaining the positive correlation with the catalytic activity. © 2024 American Chemical Society.