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Journal Article

Three-dimensional Turbulent Reconnection within the Solar Flare Current Sheet


Zhu,  X.
Max Planck Research Group: Computational Flow Physics and Data Assimilation - ComFyDA, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Max Planck Society;

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Wang, Y., Cheng, X., Ding, M., Liu, Z., Liu, J., & Zhu, X. (2023). Three-dimensional Turbulent Reconnection within the Solar Flare Current Sheet. The Astrophysical Journal, 954, L36. doi:10.3847/2041-8213/acf19d.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000E-8894-1
Solar flares can release coronal magnetic energy explosively and may impact the safety of near-Earth space environments. Their structures and properties on the macroscale have been interpreted successfully by the generally accepted 2D standard model, invoking magnetic reconnection theory as the key energy conversion mechanism. Nevertheless, some momentous dynamical features as discovered by recent high-resolution observations remain elusive. Here, we report a self-consistent high-resolution 3D magnetohydrodynamical simulation of turbulent magnetic reconnection within a flare current sheet. It is found that fragmented current patches of different scales are spontaneously generated with a well-developed turbulence spectrum at the current sheet, as well as at the flare loop-top region. The close coupling of tearing mode and Kelvin-Helmholtz instabilities plays a critical role in developing turbulent reconnection and in forming dynamical structures with synthetic observables in good agreement with realistic observations. The sophisticated modeling makes a paradigm shift from the traditional to a 3D turbulent reconnection model unifying flare dynamical structures of different scales.