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Near-Petahertz Fieldoscopy of Liquid

MPS-Authors
/persons/resource/persons286189

Srivastava,  Anchit
Fattahi Research Group, Research Groups, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;
Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, External Organizations;

/persons/resource/persons286182

Herbst,  Andreas
Fattahi Research Group, Research Groups, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;
Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, External Organizations;

/persons/resource/persons296801

Bidhendi,  Mahdi M.
Fattahi Research Group, Research Groups, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;
Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, External Organizations;

/persons/resource/persons296803

Kieker,  Max
Fattahi Research Group, Research Groups, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;
Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, External Organizations;

/persons/resource/persons201209

Tani,  Francesco
Russell Emeritus Group, Emeritus Groups, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;

/persons/resource/persons61039

Fattahi,  Hanieh
Fattahi Research Group, Research Groups, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;
Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, External Organizations;

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arXiv-2310.20512.pdf
(Preprint), 13MB

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Citation

Srivastava, A., Herbst, A., Bidhendi, M. M., Kieker, M., Tani, F., & Fattahi, H. (2023). Near-Petahertz Fieldoscopy of Liquid. arXiv:2310.20512.


Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000E-A474-6
Abstract
Measuring transient optical field is pivotal not only for understanding ultrafast phenomena but also for quantitative detection of various molecular species in a sample. In this work, we demonstrate near-petahertz electric field detection of a few femtosecond pulses with 2oo attosecond temporal resolution, 10 detection dynamic range in electric field and sub-femtojoule detection sensitivity, exceeding those reported by the current methods. By field-resolved detection of the impulsively excited molecules in the liquid phase, termed 'femtosecond fieldoscopy', we demonstrate temporal isolation of the response of the target molecules from those of the environment and the excitation pulse. In a proof-of-concept analysis of aqueous and liquid samples, we demonstrate field-sensitive detection of combination bands of 4.13 {\mu}mol ethanol for the first time. This method expands the scope of aqueous sample analysis to higher detection sensitivity and dynamic range, while the simultaneous direct measurements of phase and intensity information pave the path towards high-resolution biological spectro-microscopy