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Journal Article

One more for light-triggered conformational changes in cryptochromes: CryP from Phaeodactylum tricornutum


Sendker,  Franziska
Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology_others, Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, Max Planck Society;

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Saft, M., Schneider, L., Ho, C.-C., Maiterth, E., Menke, J., Sendker, F., et al. (2024). One more for light-triggered conformational changes in cryptochromes: CryP from Phaeodactylum tricornutum. Journal of Molecular Biology, 436(5). doi:10.1016/j.jmb.2023.168408.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000E-A64F-F
Cryptochromes are a ubiquitously occurring class of photoreceptors. Together with photolyases, they form the Photolyase Cryptochrome Superfamily (PCSf) by sharing a common protein architecture and binding mode of the FAD chromophore. Despite these similarities, PCSf members exert different functions. Photolyases repair UV-induced DNA damage by photocatalytically driven electron transfer between FADH¯ and the DNA lesion, whereas cryptochromes are light-dependent signaling molecules and trigger various biological processes by photoconversion of their FAD redox and charge states. Given that most cryptochromes possess a C-terminal extension (CTE) of varying length, the functions of their CTE have not yet been fully elucidated and are hence highly debated. In this study, the role of the CTE was investigated for a novel subclass of the PCSf, the CryP-like cryptochromes, by hydrogen/deuterium exchange and mass-spectrometric analysis. Striking differences in the relative deuterium uptake were observed in different redox states of CryP from the diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum. Based on these measurements we propose a model for light-triggered conformational changes in CryP-like cryptochromes that differs from other known cryptochrome families like the insect or plant cryptochromes.