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Journal Article

Metal organic frameworks synthesis : the versatility of triethylamine


Zhang,  Wei
Markus Antonietti, Kolloidchemie, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Max Planck Society;

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Zhang, W., & Pinna, N. (2024). Metal organic frameworks synthesis: the versatility of triethylamine. Chemistry – A European Journal, 30(23): e202304256. doi:10.1002/chem.202304256.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000F-03EF-1
Metal Organic Frameworks (MOFs) are organic-inorganic hybrid materials with exceptionally customizable composition and properties. MOFs intrinsically possess open metal sites, tunable pore size/shape and an ultra-large specific surface area, and have obtained significant attention over the past 30 years. Furthermore, through the integration of functional moieties such as, molecules, functional groups, noble metal clusters and nanocrystals or nanoparticles into MOFs, the resulting composites have greatly enriched the physical and chemical properties of pure MOFs, enabling their application in a wider range of fields. Triethylamine (TEA) as an organic base has consistently played a fundamental role in the development of MOFs. In this Concept, the versatility of triethylamine when involved in the synthesis of MOFs is discussed. Four sections are used to elaborate on the role of TEA including: (1) Single crystal synthesis; (2) Size and morphology control; (3) Counterion of MOFs; (4) MOFs composites synthesis. In the last part, we highlight the potential of TEA for further developments.