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Journal Article

Observation of electroweak production of two jets and a $Z$-boson pair with the ATLAS detector at the LHC


ATLAS Collaboration, 
Max Planck Institute for Physics, Max Planck Society and Cooperation Partners;

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ATLAS Collaboration (2023). Observation of electroweak production of two jets and a $Z$-boson pair with the ATLAS detector at the LHC. Nature Physics, 19, 237-253. Retrieved from https://publications.mppmu.mpg.de/?action=search&mpi=MPP-2020-58.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000F-11BA-C
Electroweak symmetry breaking explains the origin of the masses of elementary particles via their interactions with the Higgs field. Besides the measurements of the Higgs boson properties, the study of the scattering of massive vector bosons (with spin one) at the Large Hadron Collider allows to probe the nature of electroweak symmetry breaking with an unprecedented sensitivity. Among all processes related to vector-boson scattering, the electroweak production of two jets and a $Z$-boson pair is a rare and important one. This article reports on the first observation of this process using proton-proton collision data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 139 fb$^{-1}$ recorded at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV by the ATLAS detector. Two different final states originating from the decays of the $Z$-boson pair, one containing four charged leptons and the other containing two charged leptons and two neutrinos, are considered. The hypothesis of no electroweak production is rejected with a statistical significance of 5.5 $\sigma$, and the measured cross-section for electroweak production is consistent with the Standard Model prediction. In addition, cross-sections for inclusive production of a $Z$-boson pair and two jets are reported for the two final states.