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Estimation of the mass density of biological matter from refractive index measurements

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Möckel,  Conrad
Guck Division, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;
Max-Planck-Zentrum für Physik und Medizin, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;

Beck,  Timon
Guck Division, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;
Max-Planck-Zentrum für Physik und Medizin, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;

Kaliman,  Sara
Guck Division, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;
Max-Planck-Zentrum für Physik und Medizin, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;

Abuhattum,  Shada
Guck Division, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;
Max-Planck-Zentrum für Physik und Medizin, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;

Kim,  Kyoohyun
Guck Division, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;
Max-Planck-Zentrum für Physik und Medizin, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;

Kolb,  Julia
Guck Division, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;
Max-Planck-Zentrum für Physik und Medizin, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;

Wehner,  Daniel
Guck Division, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;
Max-Planck-Zentrum für Physik und Medizin, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;

/persons/resource/persons145708

Zaburdaev,  Vasily
Max-Planck-Zentrum für Physik und Medizin, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;

Guck,  Jochen
Guck Division, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;
Max-Planck-Zentrum für Physik und Medizin, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;
Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Department Physik;

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bioRxiv 2023 Moeckel.pdf
(Preprint), 2MB

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Citation

Möckel, C., Beck, T., Kaliman, S., Abuhattum, S., Kim, K., Kolb, J., et al. (2023). Estimation of the mass density of biological matter from refractive index measurements. BioRxiv.


Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000F-1DCD-B
Abstract
The quantification of physical properties of biological matter gives rise to novel ways of understanding functional mechanisms by utilizing models that explicitly depend on physical observables. One of the basic biophysical properties is the mass density (MD), which determines the degree of
crowdedness. It impacts the dynamics in subcellular compartments and further plays a major role in defining the opto-acoustical properties of cells and tissues. As such, the MD can be connected to the refractive index (RI) via the well known Lorentz-Lorenz relation, which takes into account the polarizability of matter. However, computing the MD based on RI measurements poses a challenge as it requires detailed knowledge of the biochemical composition of the sample. Here we propose
a methodology on how to account for a priori and a posteriori assumptions about the biochemical composition of the sample as well as respective RI measurements. To that aim, we employ the Biot mixing rule of RIs alongside the assumption of volume additivity to find an approximate relation of MD and RI. We use Monte-Carlo simulations as well as Gaussian propagation of uncertainty to obtain approximate analytical solutions for the respective uncertainties of MD and RI. We validate this approach by applying it to a set of well characterized complex mixtures given by bovine milk and intralipid emulsion. Further, we employ it to estimate the mass density of trunk tissue of living zebrafish (Danio rerio) larvae. Our results enable quantifying changes of mass density estimates based on variations in the a priori assumptions. This illustrates the importance of implementing this methodology not only for MD estimations but for many other related biophysical problems, such as
mechanical measurements using Brillouin microscopy and transient optical coherence elastography.