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Journal Article

Verification of ultrafast spin transfer effects in iron-nickel alloys


Dewhurst,  John Kay       
Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Möller, C., Probst, H., Jansen, G. S. M., Schumacher, M., Brede, M., Dewhurst, J. K., et al. (2024). Verification of ultrafast spin transfer effects in iron-nickel alloys. Communications Physics, 7: 74. doi:10.1038/s42005-024-01555-3.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000F-24CF-0
The optical intersite spin transfer (OISTR) effect was recently verified in Fe50Ni50 using extreme ultraviolet magneto-optical Kerr measurements. However, one of the main experimental signatures analyzed in this work, namely a magnetic moment increase at a specific energy in Ni, was subsequently found also in pure Ni, where no transfer from one element to another is possible. Hence, it is a much-discussed issue whether OISTR in FeNi alloys is real and whether it can be verified experimentally or not. Here, we present a comparative study of spin transfer in Fe50Ni50, Fe19Ni81 and pure Ni. We conclusively show that an increase in the magneto-optical signal is indeed insufficient to verify OISTR. However, we also show how an extended data analysis overcomes this problem and allows to unambiguously identify spin transfer effects. Concomitantly, our work solves the long-standing riddle about the origin of delayed demagnetization behavior of Ni in FeNi alloys.