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Journal Article

Scaling and Evolution of Stellar Magnetic Activity


Isik,  Emre
Department Sun and Heliosphere, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Max Planck Society;

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Isik, E., van Saders, J. L., Reiners, A., & Metcalfe, T. S. (2023). Scaling and Evolution of Stellar Magnetic Activity. Space Science Reviews, 219, 70. doi:10.1007/s11214-023-01016-3.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000F-3339-8
Magnetic activity is a ubiquitous feature of stars with convective outer layers, with implications from stellar evolution to planetary atmospheres. Investigating the mechanisms responsible for the observed stellar activity signals from days to billions of years is important in deepening our understanding of the spatial configurations and temporal patterns of stellar dynamos, including that of the Sun. In this paper, we focus on three problems and their possible solutions. We start with direct field measurements and show how they probe the dependence of magnetic flux and its density on stellar properties and activity indicators. Next, we review the current state-of-the-art in physics-based models of photospheric activity patterns and their variation from rotational to activity-cycle timescales. We then outline the current state of understanding in the long-term evolution of stellar dynamos, first by using chromospheric and coronal activity diagnostics, then with model-based implications on magnetic braking, which is the key mechanism by which stars spin down and become inactive as they age. We conclude by discussing possible directions to improve the modeling and analysis of stellar magnetic fields.