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Journal Article

Predicting unavailable parameters from existing velocity fields of turbulent flows using a GAN-based model


Zhu,  Xiaojue
Max Planck Research Group: Computational Flow Physics and Data Assimilation - ComFyDA, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Max Planck Society;

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Yu, L., Yousif, M. Z., Lee, Y.-W., Zhu, X., Zhang, M., Kolesova, P., et al. (2024). Predicting unavailable parameters from existing velocity fields of turbulent flows using a GAN-based model. Physical Review Fluids, 9, 024603. doi:10.1103/PhysRevFluids.9.024603.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000F-3C42-4
In this study, an efficient deep-learning model is developed to predict unavailable parameters, e.g., streamwise velocity, temperature, and pressure from available velocity components. This model, termed mapping generative adversarial network (M-GAN), consists of a label information generator (LIG) and an enhanced super-resolution generative adversarial network. LIG can generate label information helping the model to predict different parameters. The GAN-based model receives the label information from LIG and existing velocity data to generate the unavailable parameters. Two-dimensional (2D) Rayleigh-Bénard flow and turbulent channel flow are used to evaluate the performance of M-GAN. First, M-GAN is trained and evaluated by two-dimensional direct numerical simulation (DNS) data of a Rayleigh-Bénard flow. From the results, it can be shown that M-GAN can predict temperature distribution from the two-dimensional velocities. Furthermore, DNS data of turbulent channel flow at two different friction Reynolds numbers Reτ=180 and 550 are applied simultaneously to train the M-GAN and examine its predicting ability for the pressure fields and the streamwise velocity from the other two velocity components. The instantaneous and statistical results of the predicted data agree well with the DNS data, even for the flow at Reτ=395 , indicating that M-GAN can be trained to learn the mapping function of the unknown fields with good interpolation capability.