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Journal Article

Flexible metallic core-shell nanostructured electrodes for neural interfacing


Ruiz-Gómez,  Sandra
Spin3D: Three-Dimensional Magnetic Systems, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Rodilla, B. L., Arché‑Núñez, A., Ruiz-Gómez, S., Domínguez‑Bajo, A., Fernández‑González, C., Guillén‑Colomer, C., et al. (2024). Flexible metallic core-shell nanostructured electrodes for neural interfacing. Scientific Reports, 14: 3729, pp. 1-13. doi:10.1038/s41598-024-53719-4.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000F-47A1-B
Electrodes with nanostructured surface have emerged as promising low-impedance neural interfaces that can avoid the charge-injection restrictions typically associated to microelectrodes. In this work, we propose a novel approximation, based on a two-step template assisted electrodeposition technique, to obtain flexible nanostructured electrodes coated with core-shell Ni-Au vertical nanowires. These nanowires benefit from biocompatibility of the Au shell exposed to the environment and the mechanical properties of Ni that allow for nanowires longer and more homogeneous in length than their only-Au counterparts. The nanostructured electrodes show impedance values, measured by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), at least 9 times lower than those of flat reference electrodes. This ratio is in good accordance with the increased effective surface area determined both from SEM images and cyclic voltammetry measurements, evidencing that only Au is exposed to the medium. The observed EIS profile evolution of Ni-Au electrodes over 7 days were very close to those of Au electrodes and differently from Ni ones. Finally, the morphology, viability and neuronal differentiation of rat embryonic cortical cells cultured on Ni-Au NW electrodes were found to be similar to those on control (glass) substrates and Au NW electrodes, accompanied by a lower glial cell differentiation. This positive in-vitro neural cell behavior encourages further investigation to explore the tissue responses that the implantation of these nanostructured electrodes might elicit in healthy (damaged) neural tissues in vivo, with special emphasis on eventual tissue encapsulation.