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Journal Article

Detection of electrocatalytical and -chemical processes by means of in situ flow NMR spectroscopy


Velasco Vélez,  Juan       
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Vyalikh, A., Münchgesang, W., & Velasco Vélez, J. (2024). Detection of electrocatalytical and -chemical processes by means of in situ flow NMR spectroscopy. Electrochemistry Communications, 163: 107736. doi:10.1016/j.elecom.2024.107736.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000F-4076-4
In situ studies of electrochemical processes using NMR offer valuable information on reaction mechanisms, kinetics, and species identification, making it a powerful tool in electrochemistry research. In this study, we present the design of an in situ redox-flow NMR cell that allows for a continuous flow of liquid (electrolyte) or gas, application of electrical voltage, and recording of NMR signals. The utility of this setup is demonstrated through two case studies: electrochemical copper deposition on a gold electrode and the electrochemical conversion of carbon dioxide into hydrocarbon products. Specifically, the presence of multicarbon products containing C–C bonds generated during the electrochemical reduction reaction is confirmed in the 2H NMR spectra in the latter example. These findings highlight the ability of the in situ redox-flow NMR cell to directly monitor reaction intermediates and products, thereby enabling the elucidation of reaction mechanisms for the efficient and selective production of valuable hydrocarbon products through the conversion of CO2 into value-added chemicals. In contrast to other reported in situ NMR cells, the presented cell is suitable for multiple uses, and allows detecting NMR signals not only from exhaust products but also from those formed on the catalyst surface.