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Journal Article

Brillouin light storage for 100 pulse widths


Stiller,  Birgit
Stiller Research Group, Research Groups, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;


Jaksch,  Kevin
Christoph Marquardt Research Group, Research Groups, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;

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Stiller, B., Jaksch, K., Piotrowski, J., Merklein, M., Schmidt, M. K., Vu, K., et al. (2024). Brillouin light storage for 100 pulse widths. npj Nanophotonics, (1): 5. doi:10.1038/s44310-024-00004-x.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000F-47DF-7
Signal processing based on stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) is limited by the narrow linewidth of the optoacoustic response, which confines many Brillouin applications to continuous wave signals or optical pulses longer than several nanoseconds. In this work, we experimentally demonstrate Brillouin interactions at the 150 ps time scale and a delay for a record 15 ns which corresponds to a delay of 100 pulse widths. This breakthrough experimental result was enabled by the high local gain of the chalcogenide waveguides as the optoacoustic interaction length reduces with pulse width. We successfully transfer 150 ps-long pulses to traveling acoustic waves within a Brillouin-based memory setup. The information encoded in the optical pulses is stored for 15 ns in the acoustic field. We show the retrieval of eight amplitude levels, multiple consecutive pulses, and low distortion in pulse shape. The extension of Brillouin-based storage to the ultra-short pulse regime is an important step for the realization of practical Brillouin-based delay lines and other optical processing applications.