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Journal Article

Towards a biological diagnosis of PD


Outeiro,  Tiago Fleming
Guest Group Experimental Neurodegeneration, Max Planck Institute for Multidisciplinary Sciences, Max Planck Society;

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Chopra, A., Lang, A. E., Höglinger, G., & Outeiro, T. F. (2024). Towards a biological diagnosis of PD. Parkinsonism & Related Disorders, 122: 106078. doi:10.1016/j.parkreldis.2024.106078.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000F-5586-A
Since the original description by James Parkinson, Parkinson's disease (PD) has intrigued us for over 200 years. PD is a progressive condition that is incurable so far, and affects millions of people worldwide. Over the years, our knowledge has expanded tremendously, and a range of criteria have been put forward and used to try to define PD. However, owing to the complexity of the problem, it is still not consensual how to diagnose and classify a disease that manifests with diverse features, and that responds differently to existing therapies and to those under development. We are now living a time when ‘biological’ information is becoming abundant, precise, and accessible enabling us to attempt to incorporate different sources of information to classify different forms of PD. These refinements are essential for basic science, as they will enable us to develop improved models for studying PD, and to implement new findings into clinical practice, as this will be the path towards effective personalized medicine.