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Journal Article

Metal-mediated reactions modeled after nature

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Boland,  W.
Department of Bioorganic Chemistry, MPI for Chemical Ecology, Max Planck Society;

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Beckmann,  C.
Department of Bioorganic Chemistry, MPI for Chemical Ecology, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Dieckmann, S., Weston, J., Anders, E., Boland, W., Schönecker, B., Hettmann, T., et al. (2002). Metal-mediated reactions modeled after nature. Reviews in Molecular Biotechnology, 90(2), 73-94. doi:10.1016/S1389-0352(01)00067-8.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0012-9FD0-2
Abstract
The Collaborative Research Center (CRC) 436 ‘Metal-Mediated Reactions Modeled after Nature’ was founded for the express purpose of analyzing the catalytic principles of metallo-enzymes in order to construct efficient catalysts on a chemical basis. The structure of the active center and neighboring chemical environment in enzymes serves as a focal point for developing reactivity models for the chemical redesign of catalysts. Instead of simply copying enzyme construction, we strive to achieve new chemical intuition based on the results of long-lasting natural evolution. We hope for success, since nature uses a limited set of building blocks, whereas we can apply the full repertoire of chemistry. Key substrates in this approach are small molecules, such as CO2, O2, NO3− and N2. Nature complexes these substrates, activates them and performs chemical transformations — all within the active center of a metalloenzyme. In this article, we report on some aspects and first results of the Collaborative Research Center (CRC) 436, such as nitrate reductase, sphingolipid desaturase, carbonic anhydrase, leucine aminopeptidase and dopamine β-monooxygenase.