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Conference Paper

Introduction to the Analysis of Low-Frequency Gravitational Wave Data


Schutz,  B. F.
Astrophysical Relativity, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;
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Schutz, B. F. (1997). Introduction to the Analysis of Low-Frequency Gravitational Wave Data. In Österreich / Bundesministerium für Wissenschaft und Verkehr (Ed.), Fundamental physics in space: proceedings of the Alpbach Summer School. Noordwijk, The Netherlands: ESA Publications Division.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-74D5-C
The space-based gravitational wave detector LISA will observe in the low-frequency gravitational-wave band (0.1 mHz up to 1 Hz). LISA will search for a variety of expected signals, and when it detects a signal it will have to determine a number of parameters, such as the location of the source on the sky and the signal's polarisation. This requires pattern-matching, called matched filtering, which uses the best available theoretical predictions about the characteristics of waveforms. All the estimates of the sensitivity of LISA to various sources assume that the data analysis is done in the optimum way. Because these techniques are unfamiliar to many young physicists, I use the first part of this lecture to give a very basic introduction to time-series data analysis, including matched filtering. The second part of the lecture applies these techniques to LISA, showing how estimates of LISA's sensitivity can be made, and briefly commenting on aspects of the signal-analysis problem that are special to LISA.