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Journal Article

Type II critical phenomena of neutron star collapse


Choptuik,  Matthew W.
Geometric Analysis and Gravitation, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Noble, S. C., & Choptuik, M. W. (2008). Type II critical phenomena of neutron star collapse. Physical Review D, 78(6): 064059. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.78.064059.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-13A7-B
We investigate spherically symmetric, general relativistic systems of collapsing perfect fluid distributions. We consider neutron star models that are driven to collapse by the addition of an initially “ingoing” velocity profile to the nominally static star solution. The neutron star models we use are Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff solutions with an initially isentropic, gamma law equation of state. The initial values of (1) the amplitude of the velocity profile, and (2) the central density of the star, span a parameter space, and we focus only on that region that gives rise to type II critical behavior, wherein black holes of arbitrarily small mass can be formed. In contrast to previously published work, we find that—for a specific value of the adiabatic index (Gamma=2)—the observed type II critical solution has approximately the same scaling exponent as that calculated for an ultrarelativistic fluid of the same index. Further, we find that the critical solution computed using the ideal-gas equations of state asymptotes to the ultrarelativistic critical solution.