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Journal Article

Accurate effective-one-body waveforms of inspiralling and coalescing black-hole binaries


Husa,  Sascha
Astrophysical Relativity, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Damour, T., Nagar, A., Hannam, M., Husa, S., & Brügmann, B. (2008). Accurate effective-one-body waveforms of inspiralling and coalescing black-hole binaries. Physical Review D, 78(4): 044039. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.78.044039.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-13BE-A
The effective-one-body (EOB) formalism contains several flexibility parameters, notably a5, vpole, and [overline a]RR. We show here how to jointly constrain the values of these parameters by simultaneously best-fitting the EOB waveform to two, independent, numerical relativity (NR) simulations of inspiralling and/or coalescing binary black-hole systems: published Caltech-Cornell inspiral data (considered for gravitational wave frequencies Momega<=0.1) on one side, and newly computed coalescence data on the other side. The resulting, approximately unique, “best-fit” EOB waveform is then shown to exhibit excellent agreement with NR coalescence data for several mass ratios. The dephasing between this best-fit EOB waveform and published Caltech-Cornell inspiral data is found to vary between -0.0014 and +0.0008 radians over a time span of ~2464M up to gravitational wave frequency Momega=0.1, and between +0.0013 and -0.0185 over a time span of 96M after Momega=0.1 up to Momega=0.1565. The dephasings between EOB and the new coalescence data are found to be smaller than: (i) ±0.025 radians over a time span of 730M (11 cycles) up to merger, in the equal-mass case, and (ii) ±0.05 radians over a time span of about 950M (17 cycles) up to merger in the 2:1 mass-ratio case. These new results corroborate the aptitude of the EOB formalism to provide accurate representations of general relativistic waveforms, which are needed by currently operating gravitational wave detectors.