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A combined solid-state NMR and MD characterization of the stability and dynamics of the HET-s(218-289) prion in its amyloid conformation.

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Lange,  A.
Research Group of Solid-State NMR, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Lange, A., Gattin, Z., Van Melckebeke, H., Wasmer, C., Soragni, A., van Gunsteren, W. F., et al. (2009). A combined solid-state NMR and MD characterization of the stability and dynamics of the HET-s(218-289) prion in its amyloid conformation. ChemBioChem, 10(10), 1657-1665. doi:10.1002/cbic.200900019.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0012-D7F4-C
Abstract
The three-dimensional structure of amyloid fibrils of the prion-forming part of the HET-s protein [HET-s(218-289)], as determined by solid-state NMR, contains rigid and remarkably well-ordered parts, as witnessed by the narrow solid-state NMR line widths for this system. On the other hand, high-resolution magic-angle-spinning (HRMAS) NMR results have shown that HET-s(218-289) amyloid fibrils contain highly flexible parts as well. Here, we further explore this unexpected behaviour using solid-state NMR and molecular dynamics (MD). The NMR data provide new information on order and dynamics in the rigid and flexible parts of HET-s(218-289), respectively. The MD study addresses whether or not small multimers, in an amyloid conformation, are stable on the 10 ns timescale of the MD run and provides insight into the dynamic parameters on the nanosecond timescale. The atom-positional, root-mean-squared fluctuations (RMSFs) and order parameters S-2 obtained are in agreement with the NMR data. A flexible loop and the N terminus exhibit dynamics on the ps-ns timescale, whereas the hydrophobic core of HET-s(218-289) is rigid. The high degree of order in the core region of HET-s(218-289) amyloids, as observed in the MID simulations, is in agreement with the narrow, solid-state, NMR lines. Finally, we employed MD to predict the behaviour of the salt-bridge network in HET-s(218289), which cannot be obtained easily by experiment. Simulations at different temperatures indicated that the network is highly dynamic and that it contributes to the thermostability of the HET-s(218-289) amyloids.