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Structural characterization of copper(II) binding to α-Synuclein: Insights into the bioinorganic chemistry of Parkinson's disease

MPS-Authors
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Rasia,  R. M.
Department of Molecular Biology, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Bertoncini,  C. W.
Department of Molecular Biology, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Marsh,  D.
Department of Spectroscopy and Photochemical Kinetics, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Hoyer,  W.
Department of Molecular Biology, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Cherny,  D. I.
Department of Molecular Biology, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Zweckstetter,  M.
Research Group of Protein Structure Determination using NMR, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Griesinger,  C.
Department of NMR Based Structural Biology, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Jovin,  T. M.
Department of Molecular Biology, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Fernandez,  C. O.
Department of NMR Based Structural Biology, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Rasia, R. M., Bertoncini, C. W., Marsh, D., Hoyer, W., Cherny, D. I., Zweckstetter, M., et al. (2005). Structural characterization of copper(II) binding to α-Synuclein: Insights into the bioinorganic chemistry of Parkinson's disease. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 102: 10.1073/pnas.0407881102, pp. 4294-4299. Retrieved from http://www.pnas.org/content/102/12/4294.full.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0012-E9C5-0
Abstract
The aggregation of α -synuclein (AS) is characteristic of Parkinson’s disease and other neurodegenerative synucleinopathies. We demonstrate here that Cu(II) ions are effective in accelerating AS aggregation at physiologically relevant concentrations without altering the resultant fibrillar structures. By using numerous spectroscopic techniques (absorption, CD, EPR, and NMR), we have located the primary binding for Cu(II) to a specific site in the N terminus, involving His-50 as the anchoring residue and other nitrogen oxygen donor atoms in a square planar or distorted tetragonal geometry. The carboxylate-rich C terminus, originally thought to drive copper binding, is able to coordinate a second Cu(II) equivalent, albeit with a 300-fold reduced affinity. The NMR analysis of AS–Cu(II) complexes reveals the existence of conformational restrictions in the native state of the protein. The metallobiology of Cu(II) in Parkinson’s disease is discussed by a comparative analysis with other Cu(II)-binding proteins involved in neurodegenerative disorders.