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The mouse homeobox gene Not is required for caudal notochord development and affected by the truncate mutation

MPS-Authors

Reinhardt,  R.
Max Planck Society;

Schalkwyk,  L. C.
Max Planck Society;

Mueller,  I.
Max Planck Society;

Herrmann,  B. G.
Max Planck Society;

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Ceolin,  M.
Department of Molecular Biology, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Rivera-Pomar,  R.
Department of Cellular Biochemistry, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Ben Abdelkhalek, H., Beckers, A., Schuster-Gossler, K., Pavlova, M. N., Burkhardt, H., Lickert, H., et al. (2004). The mouse homeobox gene Not is required for caudal notochord development and affected by the truncate mutation. Genes and Development, 18(14): doi:10.1101/gad.303504, pp. 1725-1736. Retrieved from http://genesdev.cshlp.org/content/18/14/1725.full.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0012-EC8C-9
Abstract
The floating head (flh) gene in zebrafish encodes a homeodomain protein, which is essential for notochord formation along the entire body axis. flh orthologs, termed Not genes, have been isolated from chick and Xenopus, but no mammalian ortholog has yet been identified. Truncate (tc) is an autosomal recessive mutation in mouse that specifically disrupts the development of the caudal notochord. Here, we demonstrate that truncate arose by a mutation in the mouse Not gene. The truncate allele (Nottc) contains a point mutation in the homeobox of Not that changes a conserved Phenylalanine residue in helix 1 to a Cysteine (F20C), and significantly destabilizes the homeodomain. Reversion of F20C in one allele of homozygous tc embryonic stem (ES) cells is sufficient to restore normal notochord formation in completely ES cell-derived embryos. We have generated a targeted mutation of Not by replacing most of the Not coding sequence, including the homeobox with the eGFP gene. The phenotype of NoteGFP/eGFP, NoteGFP/tc, and Nottc/tc embryos is very similar but slightly more severe in NoteGFP/eGFP than in Nottc/tc embryos. This confirms allelism of truncate and Not, and indicates that tc is not a complete null allele. Not expression is abolished in Foxa2 and T mutant embryos, suggesting that Not acts downstream of both genes during notochord development. This is in contrast to zebrafish embryos, in which flh interacts with ntl (zebrafish T) in a regulatory loop and is essential for development of the entire notochord, and suggests that different genetic control circuits act in different vertebrate species during notochord formation.