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Journal Article

Ligand-induced internalization of the p75 neurotrophin receptor: a slow route to the signaling endosome


Jovin,  T. M.
Department of Molecular Biology, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Bronfman, F. C., Tcherpakov, M., Jovin, T. M., & Fainzilber, M. (2003). Ligand-induced internalization of the p75 neurotrophin receptor: a slow route to the signaling endosome. Journal of Neuroscience, 23(8), 3209-3220. Retrieved from http://www.jneurosci.org/cgi/reprint/23/8/3209.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0012-F11E-F
The nerve growth factor (NGF) family of neurotrophins binds two classes of cell-surface receptors, trk receptor tyrosine kinases and the shared p75 receptor. Rapid internalization and retrograde trafficking of neurotrophin-trk complexes have been demonstrated in a number of systems and are thought to transmit trophic signals from terminals to neuronal cell bodies. In contrast, the internalization and trafficking of neurotrophin-p75 complexes are not well understood. In this study, we used biotinylated NGF and a fluorescently labeled anti-p75 antibody to follow the kinetics and route of ligand-induced internalization of the p75 receptor in cycling and differentiated PC12 cells. Binding of neurotrophins to p75 induced internalization, at a rate approximately 1/3 that of transferrin and NGF-TrkA complexes in the same cells. The ligand-p75 complex was internalized via clathrin-coated pits into early endosomes and eventually accumulated in recycling endosomes in the cell body and in vesicles co-labeled by the cholera toxin B-subunit in the growth cones. Both internalized ligand and p75 were protected from proteolytic degradation, and maintained in vesicles that did not undergo acidification. These data suggest that endosomes containing activated p75 may be involved in neurotrophin signaling, and that such endosomes may be temporally and spatially distinct from those containing trk receptors.