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Journal Article

Effects of aminooxy analogues of biogenic polyamines on aggregation and stability of calf thymus DNA


Antony,  T.
Department of Molecular Biology, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;


Thomas,  T.
Department of Molecular Cell Biology, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Ramirez, F. J., Thomas, T. J., Antony, T., Ruiz-Chica, J., & Thomas, T. (2002). Effects of aminooxy analogues of biogenic polyamines on aggregation and stability of calf thymus DNA. Biopolymers, 65(2), 148-157. Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/bip.10187/pdf.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0012-F2BD-0
The effect of a series of aminooxy analogues of the biogenic polyamines spermidine and spermine on the conformation of calf thymus DNA is studied. These new molecules are isosteric and charge insufficient analogues that are suitable to study the roles of both charge distribution and structural requirements in the molecular physiology of the biogenic polyamines. They are also evidenced as useful tools to inhibit polyamine biosynthesis and cell growth. Circular dichroism (CD) spectra of solutions containing DNA and the aminooxy analogues at different concentrations (100-1000 muM) and different pH values, (5-7.5) are recorded. We use both sonicated and highly polymerized calf thymus DNA. The CD spectra of sonicated DNA showed the formation of psi-DNA, a highly ordered aggregated structure similar to liquid crystals, in the presence of the aminooxy analogues. Aggregation induced by an aminooxy derivative of spermine is followed by DNA collapse when increasing the polyamine concentration. The features of psi-DNA are not detected for highly polymerized DNA. Temperature melting measurements support a high degree of structural order of the aggregates. The CD experiments indicate that dications are unable to induce major changes on the macromolecular structure of DNA. In addition, aggregation is only observed when the trimethylene moiety is present between two adjacent positive charges. The observed differences among the CD spectra of DNA solutions with different aminooxy derivatives of spermidine indicate different roles for different amino groups of this biogenic polyamine when interacting with DNA. Our results support the idea that aminooxy analogues can be used as good models in studying the physiological functions of biogenic polyamines. (C) 2002 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.