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Journal Article

Parallel-stranded DNA with mixed AT/GC composition: role of trans G·C base pairs in sequence dependent helical stability


Klement,  R.
Emeritus Group Laboratory of Cellular Dynamics, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;


Jovin,  T. M.
Department of Molecular Biology, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Shchyolkina, A. K., Borisova, O. F., Livshits, M. A., Pozmogova, G. E., Chernov, B. K., Klement, R., et al. (2000). Parallel-stranded DNA with mixed AT/GC composition: role of trans G·C base pairs in sequence dependent helical stability. Biochemistry, 39: doi:10.1021/bi9913909, pp. 10034-10044.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0012-F971-B
Parallel-stranded (ps) DNAs with mixed AT/GC content comprising G.C pairs in a varying sequence context have been investigated. Oligonucleotides were devised consisting of two 10-nt strands complementary either in a parallel or in an antiparallel orientation and joined via nonnucleotide linkers so as to form 10-bp ps or aps hairpins. A predominance of intramolecular hairpins over intermolecular duplexes was achieved by choice of experimental conditions and verified by fluorescence determinations yielding estimations of rotational relaxation times and fractional base pairing. A multistate mode of ps hairpin melting was revealed by temperature gradient gel electrophoresis (TGGE). The thermal stability of the ps hairpins with mixed AT/GC content depends strongly on the specific sequence in a manner peculiar to the ps double helix. The thermodynamic effects of incorporating trans G.C base pairs into an AT sequence are context-dependent: an isolated G. C base pair destabilizes the duplex whereas a block of > or =2 consecutive G.C base pairs exerts a stabilizing effect. A multistate heterogeneous zipper model for the thermal denaturation of the hairpins was derived and used in a global minimization procedure to compute the thermodynamic parameters of the ps hairpins from experimental melting data. In 0.1 M LiCl at 3 degrees C, the formation of a trans G.C pair in a GG/CC sequence context is approximately 3 kJ mol(-)(1) more favorable than the formation of a trans A.T pair in an AT/TA sequence context. However, GC/AT contacts contribute a substantial unfavorable free energy difference of approximately 2 kJ mol(-)(1). As a consequence, the base composition and fractional distribution of isolated and clustered G.C base pairs determine the overall stability of ps-DNA with mixed AT/GC sequences. Thus, the stability of ps-DNA comprising successive > or =2 G.C base pairs is greater than that of ps-DNA with an alternating AT sequence, whereas increasing the number of AT/GC contacts by isolating G.C base pairs exerts a destabilizing effect on the ps duplex. Molecular modeling of the various helices by force field techniques provides insight into the structural basis for these distinctions.