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Journal Article

Regulation of DNA binding activity and nuclear transport of B-Myb in Xenopus oocytes

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Humbert-Lan,  G.
Department of Molecular Biology, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Humbert-Lan, G., & Pieler, T. (1999). Regulation of DNA binding activity and nuclear transport of B-Myb in Xenopus oocytes. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 274(15), 10293-10300.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0012-FADB-A
Abstract
DNA binding activity and nuclear transport of B-Myb in Xenopus oocytes are negatively regulated. Two distinct sequence elements in the carboxy-terminal portion of the protein are responsible for these different inhibitory activities. A carboxy-terminal Xenopus B-Myb protein fragment inhibits the DNA binding activity of the N-terminal repeats in trans, indicating that intramolecular folding may result in masking of the DNA binding function. Xenopus B-Myb contains two separate nuclear localization signals (NLSs), which, in Xenopus oocytes, function only outside the context of the full-length protein. Fusion of an additional NLS to the full-length protein overcomes the inhibition of nuclear import, suggesting that masking of the NLS function rather than cytoplasmic anchoring is responsible for the negative regulation of Xenopus B-Myb nuclear transfer. During Xenopus embryogenesis, when inhibition of nuclear import is relieved, Xenopus B-Myb is preferentially expressed in the developing nervous system and neural crest cells. Within the developing neural tube, Xenopus B-Myb gene transcription occurs preferentially in proliferating, non-differentiated cells.