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Exploiting degrees of inflectional ambiguity: Stem form and the time course of morphological processing

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Järvikivi,  Juhani
Language Acquisition Group, MPI for Psycholinguistics, Max Planck Society;
University of Turku;

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Citation

Järvikivi, J., Pyykkönen, P., & Niemi, J. (2009). Exploiting degrees of inflectional ambiguity: Stem form and the time course of morphological processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 35(1), 221-237. doi:10.1037/a0014355.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-21EF-D
Abstract
The authors compared sublexical and supralexical approaches to morphological processing with unambiguous and ambiguous inflected words and words with ambiguous stems in 3 masked and unmasked priming experiments in Finnish. Experiment 1 showed equal facilitation for all prime types with a short 60-ms stimulus onset asynchrony (SOA) but significant facilitation for unambiguous words only with a long 300-ms SOA. Experiment 2 showed that all potential readings of ambiguous inflections were activated under a short SOA. Whereas the prime-target form overlap did not affect the results under a short SOA, it significantly modulated the results with a long SOA. Experiment 3 confirmed that the results from masked priming were modulated by the morphological structure of the words but not by the prime-target form overlap alone. The results support approaches in which early prelexical morphological processing is driven by morph-based segmentation and form is used to cue selection between 2 candidates only during later processing.