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The influence of the scene on linguistic expectations: Evidence from cross-model priming in visual worlds

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Weber, A., & Crocker, M. (2007). The influence of the scene on linguistic expectations: Evidence from cross-model priming in visual worlds. Poster presented at 20th Annual CUNY Conference on Human Sentence Processing (CUNY 2007), San Diego, USA.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-2F39-6
Abstract
- Numerous studies of utterance mediated gaze in visual scenes have demonstrated that sentence processing is not only incremental but also eager: During processing, listeners form expectations about upcoming arguments and make anticipatory eye movements to relevant displayed objects. - In particular, selectional information from verbs has been shown to guide visual attention to appropriate objects; upon hearing “the boy will eat”, listeners start looking at edible objects even before they are mentioned [1, 2]. - While these studies provide valuable insights into semantic processing, it is not clear whether anticipatory eye movements indeed reflect the purely linguistic activation of likely arguments or whether these anticipatory processes are influenced by the circumscribed visual context. - We present a German cross-modal priming experiment in which we examined listeners sensitivity to selectional restrictions between verbs and their object arguments.