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A MEG analysis of the P300 in visual discrimination tasks

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Mecklinger,  Axel
MPI of Cognitive Neuroscience (Leipzig, -2003), The Prior Institutes, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society;

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Maess,  Burkhard
MPI of Cognitive Neuroscience (Leipzig, -2003), The Prior Institutes, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society;

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Opitz,  Bertram
MPI of Cognitive Neuroscience (Leipzig, -2003), The Prior Institutes, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society;

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Pfeifer,  Erdmut
MPI of Cognitive Neuroscience (Leipzig, -2003), The Prior Institutes, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Mecklinger, A., Maess, B., Opitz, B., Pfeifer, E., Cheyne, D., & Weinberg, H. (1998). A MEG analysis of the P300 in visual discrimination tasks. Evoked Potentials-Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 108(1), 45-56. doi:10.1016/S0168-5597(97)00092-0.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0010-9BE7-C
Abstract
Based on recent research that indicated that P300 scalp topography varies as a function of task and/or information to be processed, this study examined scalp-recorded magnetic fields correlated with the P300 by means of whole-head magnetoencephalography. Subjects performed two discrimination tasks, in which targets, defined on either object or spatial characteristics of the same visual stimuli, had to be discriminated. Based on the across-subject root mean square (RMS) functions a sequence of 4 components could be identified in both tasks, N1m, P3m, and two later components, which, based on their estimated neuronal sources, were classified as representing motor processes during and following the manual responses to target stimuli. Reliable between-task differences in source localization were obtained for the P3m component, but not for the other components. Inferior-medial sources were found for the P3m evoked by both spatial and object targets, with these sources being located about 3.5 cm more anterior for object targets. These results suggest that different neuronal sources, possibly located in subcortical regions in the vicinity of the thalamus, contribute to the P3m evoked by target stimuli defined by either object or spatial stimulus characteristics.